100%(2)2 out of 2 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 10 pages.
30 multiple choice and 9 short answers, 3 hrstime is not the pressurebackwards#1happiness, why is the rate and the direction of change more important than the absolute level, how does it related to the material acquisition.Evolution is a relative thing. When judging the fitness of an individual, we choose to compare his/her reproductive success to the other individuals among the same species. In this way, we are not looking at the absolute value of the reproductive success, but focusing on the relative reproductive success. In another words, the allele that win are those that do better than the alternative allele. Happiness is the same thing; it is a tool our genes use to induce us toward behaviors benefiting them, just like the pleasure center. Therefore, happiness is the production of evolution; it is a feeling our genes are generating to us. Whenever we are making progress, we will become more happier and it is actually saying that, “I’m feeling good; I should do more these kinds of things.” And because of this feature of happiness, we will not satisfied when we achieve goal but will be instead driven to a higher goal and do better, and eventually improve our ability thus increasing our reproductive success.Some people think that we have a culture which makes us to want staff and to think that we gonna be happy if we have staff. However, the people in the primitive village only thought of finessing the personal relationship with others with the intention of getting at others’ possession. Hence, our desire to have more staff (our belief that having more things will make us happier), which is the material acquisition isn’t something that created by our culture or our industrialization society, but instead a human universal nature which exists cross-culturally. #2an example to describe the interplay between culture and biological—> culture can free us from the evolutionFirearms reduce need for strength. Day care reduces need for parental investment. So we have more female entering the professional and demanding working field which was once occupied only by male. Parents can do their staffs, working and making more money with no worries of their babies. With little investment, they can still get their genes passed down.#3what is the fundamental reproductive equation and what does it reveal about culture and biology