CTCS 190 Final Notes

CTCS 190 Final Notes - CTCS 190 FINAL Definitions Realism a...

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CTCS 190 – FINAL – Definitions Realism : a manner of representation that attempts one-to-one correspondence between reality and how it is rendered or depicted 1. Primitive Realism/Photojournalism Approximately 5 th row center Records reality of movement as a spatial-temporal whole Ex. Arrival of Train at the Station 2. Naturalism Roughly 1900-1930 in America Influenced by Darwin, Freud and Marx Encouraged by post-WWI mood of cynicism and amorality Image of man as determined by heredity, instinct and environment Records surface details and below-the-surface details 3. Hollywood’s Classical Realism 1929-1945 – “romantic/idealist” type of realism transparency: erasing itself as it creates itself – immerses audience in characters and their situations thus acception them as real world = homogenous, larger-than-life and idealized the classic happy world with all problems resolved in the end - reaffirmation of status quo, patriotism, marriage, heterosexual coupling and very clear dichotomy of good and evil 4. Hollywood Social Realism 1929-1945 – awaking social consciousness in America as a reaction to the Depression has a working class, nitty-gritty quality focuses on interaction of individual and social institution cynical attitude towards social institutions common man as protagonist – worker, society loser smart and tough dialogue players as ordinary “man-in-the-street” looks 5. French Poetic Realism 1934-1940 in the French cinema focuses on working-class, urban protagonist who is alienated and up against class politics and modern industrialization main character is used to a symbolic effect character, setting, poetic dialogue are all built from highly realistic details 6. Italian Neo-Realism Post WWII renaissance in Italian filmmaking – influenced by hardships and aftermath of WWII and French Poetic Realism Concern for Italians – working class, unemployed, prostitutes, innocent children as they try to rise from aftermath of war Reality of the streets Exposing problems while urging that something be done
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7. English Free Cinema/Proletarian Realism Commercial filmmaking in England combined with documentary film Gives a cry of dissatisfaction at the ways thing were Focuses on common man which reflects all of England while brazenly scoffing at status quo 8. Psychological-Sociological Realism 1946-1965 – influenced by New York stage p-s playwrights and method directors and actors emphasis on character rather than plot this character has many different aspects (especially family) which make him complex and an anti-hero/heroine dialogue appropriate to a specific class and region on location or very accurate set/studio deglamorizing costume, hairstyle and makeup 9. Documentary Realism in the Non-Fiction Film and the Fiction Film Depiction of events that have actually happened – selection and ordering is
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