CLS 121 Notes - CLS 121 C 1 Dionysus a thiasos group...

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February 26, 2008 1. Dionysus a. thiasos -- group engaged in worshipping; Bacchantes, Bacchae, maenads i. most people more familiar with female worshippers ii. you don’t worship him by yourself; always worshipped in groups. iii. Carry a thyrsus, a staff with a pine cone thing on top iv. Women have their hair loose, possibly vine leaves in hair, animal skin sweater, snakes coiling up arms or in hair. v. Orgia- scared rituals, dancing. vi. Core rituals: 1. Take totem animal and tear it apart- sparagmos 2. Eat flesh of animal while still warm, bloody- omophagia a. Possibly young bull because of it’s association with fertility b. "Bacchic religion is the doctrine of . .. communion with the god; collective emotion; Olympians are the last product of rationalism, individualistic thinking" is this true or overstating the case? c. Both Demeter and Dionysus are similar in their worships i. What really matter is what you believe rather than what you do. ii. Re-enforce and re-affirm social norms d. Ambiguous god i. Release and enslavement 1. Women living extermly oppressive lives but at the same time they are free to do what they wish outside the constraints of society. ii. Gentleness/brutality 1. People who don’t aknowlegde his divinity- brutal a. pirates changed into dolphins b. daughters of Proetus went mad, killed children c. Minyads killed son of one of them; women turned into bats d. Lycurgus blinded after chasing D iii. Sanity/madness e. Called the ‘twice born god’ i. Ties in with the worship of him. ii.
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CLS 121 Notes - CLS 121 C 1 Dionysus a thiasos group...

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