Shiza Rana.Post-Mid Assignment 1.docx - POST-MID ASSIGNMENT...

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POST-MID ASSIGNMENT ICompare and Contrast contributions of two psychologists
DATE OF SUBMISSION: 23rdNOVEMBER 2020MAJOR COURSE: SCHOOLS OF PSYCHOLOGYCOURSE CODE:APSY 102 [A]SEMESTER: 1SESSION: FALL 2020-2024KINNAIRD COLLEGE FOR WOMEN, LAHORE
CONTENTSAlfred Binet..............................................................................................................3Intelligence Test......................................................................................................3Q: Why were the school children focus of his study and why did the Frenchgovernment appointed him?................................................................................3Cognitive Development..........................................................................................3David Wechsler........................................................................................................4World War I.............................................................................................................4Intelligence Scales..................................................................................................4Q: What led him to develop a new test when Binet had already developedone?......................................................................................................................4Comparing both psychologists...............................................................................5REFERENCES..........................................................................................................7
Alfred Binet(1857-1911)Intelligence TestAlfred Binet was born in Nice, July 8, 1857. In 1871, he went to Paris with intention of studyinglaw. Soon he came under the influence of Charcot and turned his thoughts to medicine in 1880 hedecided on a psychological career and in 1892 he was associated with Professor Beaunis indirection of laboratory of physiological psychology at Sorbonne.Alfred Binet (1857-1911) was a psychologist who initiated the era of modern intelligence testingby providing effective measure of human cognitive abilities. He created exams that are thefoundation of intelligence tests today. He believed that the measure of intelligence could beprovided by assessing cognitive functions as memory, attention, comprehension and imagination.In 1900s The French ministry of public instruction appointed commission to study the learningabilities of children having difficulty in schools. Binet and Theodore Simon were appointed forthis commission. They created Binet-Simon scale in 1905, which focused on cognitive functions:judgment, comprehension and reasoning and 30 problems arranged in ascending order ofdifficulty that included the ability to name objects, define words, draw pictures, completesentences, compare items, and construct sentences. Using these questions, Binet determinedwhich ones served as the best predictors of school success. He quickly realized that somechildren were able to answer more advanced questions that older children were generally able toanswer, and vice versa. Based on this observation, they also introduced the concept of mental age(average ability of a child to perform a specific task). The question here arises:Q: Why were the school children focus of his study and why did the French governmentappointed him?During the early 1900s, the government had passed laws requiring that all French children attendschool, so it was important to find a way to identify children who would need specializedassistance.Because of his unique approach to studying intelligence, the Paris school systemasked Binet to develop a test that could be used to identify children who would benefit fromspecial education classes.

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, Binet, David Wechsler

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