final study guide

final study guide - 1 The Great Schism was conditioned by...

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1. The Great Schism was conditioned by cultural, political, and economic factors. Cause wasn’t secular but theological. Over matters of doctrine from east and west, papal claims and Filioque. Prior to schism east and west became estranged from one another. Political unity of Mediterranean changed. Constantine created a new empire in east. West was taken over by barbarians and the land was divided. East and west further split by Asian and Slavic invasions. Rise of Islam changed things even more. Language was a reason too. Less people were bilingual and few could read Greek. Charlemagne’s rule is a huge reason. He had a strong anti-Greek prejudice. Byzantines remained closed in their ideas. Charlemagne denounced the Byzantine church for not using Filioque in the creed. East had a larger emphasis on the Pope, west looked to Rome. In west there was no solid ruler so people turned to god and the church as the ruler. In east there was a strong ruler so there was less of an emphasis on church for unity. Latin approach to religion more practical while Greek understood religion in context of worship and holy liturgy. Latin’s looked at unity of Godhead while Greeks looked at triune of persons. Latin’s looked at Christ as a victim, while Greek looked at him as a victor. Crusades were a large reason for schism as well. 2. Using McGrath, identify some factors which led to the Reformation. Be able to characterize the four or five streams of reform which transpired. (each one below is a stream) Main causes included things such as…language, socioeconomics, and politics Below are the 4 main streams of reform that followed. The fifth (Protestantism) isn’t included in the main definition of reform, but McGrath included an explanation of it. Can be seen as the fifth. Lutheran His personal activities = posting of Ninty-Five Theses (31 October 1517). Lutheran Reformation began in 1522 when Luther returned to Wittenberg from the Wartburg. His program of academic reform changed into one of reform of church and society Reformed (Calvinist) the Reformed church owed its origins to a series of attempts to reform the morals and worship of the church according to a more biblical pattern. Radical Reform (Anabaptist) Zwingli coined “Anabaptist”. Insist on baptism only after public profession of faith. Common themes are…General distrust of external authority; Rejection of infant baptism; Common ownership of property; Emphasis on pacifism and non-resistance; Counter-Reform (Catholic) Council of Trent 1545. Church reformed self from within to remove grounds of Protestant criticism. Stimulated reform of older religious orders and founding of new ones Protestantism Coined after Diet of Speyer = vote to end toleration of Lutheranism in Germany. Means “those who protested against that decision”
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Causes Henry VIII to throne in 1509; began to try to dissolve marriage to Catherine of Aragon in 1527. He Wanted an English national church. Had No interest in
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final study guide - 1 The Great Schism was conditioned by...

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