Exam Review

Exam Review - Theory for English Majors Final Exam Review...

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Theory for English Majors Final Exam Review Mimesis (Pgs. 4,6,7,33) - literature represents life - imitation or representation - expressive theory of literature – regards literature as stemming from the author’s inner being – reflects the inner soul rather than the external world of the writer - one of 2 dominant views (the other is didactic) that arose w/ the ancient Greeks and was challenged by the Romans and then the Romantics - mimesis w/ a difference – literature represents reality; but reality is grounded in convention, not nature, and is subject to illusion - key feature of poetry Plato - On Mimesis: o distrusts mimesis o believes the all art – including poetry – is a mimesis of nature, a copy of objects in the physical world o objects in the material world are copies of Forms – poetry is a copy of a copy, leading away from the truth rather than toward it o disapproves of poetry’s imitation of reality on the grounds that poetry cannot depict truth and teach morality and that it’s irrational – based on inspiration, not knowledge - On Exile of Poets: o Criticizes poetry and it’s representations appear to be directed against a culture that believed literally that poets knew all crafts and human affairs o Socrates argues that the world we perceive thru the senses is illusory and deceptive – it depends on a prior realm of Forms, organized beneath the form of Good – Forms are not accessible thru the senses, but thru philosophic discussion, thought and mathematical reasoning o All poetry and art, b/c they represent what is already inferior to the original, lead further away from the truth and further into a world of illusion and deception o Poetry is ok if it’s put in its place and people know the difference b/t poetry and reality o Poetry not part of a just society - On the Ancient Quarrel B/t Poetry and Philosophy: o Socrates requires that literature teach goodness and grace – should serve moral and social functions o A well-regulated community in which the educational curriculum promotes respect for law, reason, authority, self-discipline and piety o Relentless application of this standard to all literature – poetry does not fulfill his criteria - On Logos:
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o Only reason should rule a just society (i.e. philosophy) - On Dialectic: o Noble to use the art of dialectic – logic to investigate the nature of truth thru critical analysis of concepts and hypothesis o The dialectician chooses a proper soul and plants and sows w/in it discourse accompanied by knowledge – discourse capable of helping itself as well as the man who planted it o It produces a seed from which more discourse grows in the character of others – makes the seed immortal and makes the man who has it happy o A science of language o Always guided by an intention of truth and satisfied by the presence of the “eidos” – the thing itself - On Pharmakon: o Derrida on Plato o Word used for writing, literally meaning “drug” as well as “remedy” and “poison”
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Exam Review - Theory for English Majors Final Exam Review...

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