Ch. 13 Student Notes-2008

Ch. 13 Student Notes-2008 - Henslin Chapter 13 Outline...

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Henslin Chapter 13 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. What Is Religion? A. Emile Durkheim defined religion as a system of beliefs and practices that separate the sacred from the profane and that unite adherents into a moral community. B. Functionalists stress that religion is universal because it meets many basic human needs, including: answering questions about ultimate meaning, uniting believers into a community of shared values, providing guidelines for life, helping people adapt to life’s problems, providing support for the government, and promoting positive social change. 1. People who attend church are less likely to abuse alcohol and drugs and are more likely to live a healthier lifestyle and to live longer. 2. Functionalists point out that religion can also serve dysfunctional purposes through persecution, war, and terrorism in the name of religion. C. Symbolic interactionists examine the meanings that people attach to religious symbols, rituals, and experiences. 1. All religions use symbols to communicate with others, to provide a sense of identity, and to promote social solidarity among members. 2. Rituals are ceremonies or practices that create a feeling of closeness with God and unite people in a moral community. 3. A religious experience is a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feeling of coming into contact with God. D. In general, conflict theorists are highly critical of religion because of their belief that it legitimates social inequality by teaching that existing social arrangements are God’s will. 1.
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Ch. 13 Student Notes-2008 - Henslin Chapter 13 Outline...

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