Ch. 12 Student Notes-2008

Ch. 12 Student Notes-2008 - Chapter 12 Marriage and Family...

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Marriage and Family Henslin Chapter 12 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. Marriage and Family in Global and Theoretical Context A. The term family is difficult to define because families come in many different forms, but a broad definition is two or more people who consider themselves related by blood, marriage, or adoption. B. Despite widespread differences in what constitutes a family, the family as a social institution is highly significant, is found universally, and exhibits common themes across cultures. 1. All groups establish norms governing mate selection , or who can and cannot marry. 2. All societies have systems of descent to trace kinship over generations. 3. Family relations are used to determine rights of inheritance in all cultures. 4. Although families are becoming more egalitarian, family customs universally developed within a framework of patriarchal authority . C. The functionalist perspective stresses that the family is universal because it contributes to the well-being of society by fulfilling a number of needs, including economic production, recreation, socialization of children, care of the sick and aged, sexual control, and reproduction. D. The conflict perspective examines the power struggle of husbands and wives in many areas of their marriages, including housework. 1. Wives’ power level has increased as more women have entered the workforce, but the “second shift” of work at home expected of most wives has led to a deep feeling of discontent among many working women. 2. Most men resist doing housework, so working wives end up doing eleven more hours of housework each week than their husbands. E. Symbolic interactionists explore the different ways that men and women perceive their marriages and their gender roles. II.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '07 term at Clemson.

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Ch. 12 Student Notes-2008 - Chapter 12 Marriage and Family...

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