Ch. 9 Student Notes-2008

Ch. 9 Student Notes-2008 - Chapter 9 Inequalities of Race...

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Chapter 9 Inequalities of Race and Ethnicity Henslin Chapter 9 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. A Sociological Foundation for the Study of Race and Ethnicity A. Race , or a group of people with inherited physical characteristics that distinguish it from another group, is a social category rather than a biological one. Human physical characteristics form a continuum, which makes the dividing lines we draw between races arbitrary; however, these categories are important for social life because most people believe that the races are separate and react as such. B. Ethnicity refers to a group of people who identify with one another based on common cultural characteristics, such as ancestry, national origin, or religion. C. Minority groups —who may actually form a numerical majority in society—are people who are singled out for unequal treatment and who regard themselves as objects of collective discrimination, while dominant groups are those that have the greater power and privilege in society. 1. A group can become a minority through expansion of another group’s boundaries or by voluntary or involuntary migration into another territory. 2. Groups that are relatively small, that have little power, that are objects of discrimination, and that look different from others around them are more likely to have a strong sense of ethnic identity. D. Discrimination is an act of unfair treatment directed toward someone else, while prejudice is an attitude that prejudges others. 1. People learn prejudice from their association with prejudiced others, and minorities may even become prejudiced against their own group by internalizing the norms of the dominant culture. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course SOC 201 taught by Professor Reid during the Spring '07 term at Clemson.

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Ch. 9 Student Notes-2008 - Chapter 9 Inequalities of Race...

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