TEST 2 - TEST 2: Day 1 10/11/07 Materialism Inter-theoretic...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–5. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
TEST 2: Day 1 10/11/07 Materialism Inter-theoretic Reduction: Basic program of materialists Reduction between two theories Account for which physical state explains which mental state. MENTAL STATE: Think Believe Love Remember Desire Folk psychology, everyday/common sense language we use Most like to translate these into physical states. PHYSICAL STATE: Nural activity (vs think) Endorphins (vs. love) Physical Need (vs. Desire) How do you explain a way other then dualism? Materialists Scheme to explain the “why’s” inter-theoretic reduction 1
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Identity Theory: 270 (1 st paragraph) BASIC ARGUMENT: - All mental states are numerically identical to brain states. - Each specific mental state correlates with a specific brain state “ one-to-one” reduction - In general, all humans will have the same physical states. Ex: hot = high molecular activity, … don’t think that when we pick up coffee, we think HOT! 270: why do this? So far the physical description has worked, its true. So continue doing it in a physical way. What might be a problem for using this to explain human consciousness? Been unsuccessful in explaining any folk psychology mental states What part of the brain is love, anger, memory? ~ Nobody knows! ~Can’t make reductions w/o this knowledge 272: “ARGUEMNTS AGAINST THE IDENTITY THEORY” How can they be the same thing? Just because you experience a certain state, doesn’t mean that is what it actually is. 274: Leibniz’s law What’s wrong here ~ issue: What I experience has the conscious self, what is really going on is the brain state Conscious self is creative, but it might only be brain activity. BASIC PROBLEM: so far it hasn’t been very helpful/useful 1. Inability to do the explanation: brain is very complex, much we don’t know 2
Background image of page 2
2. Might be a problem with the one-to-one corralation 3. Translation “Anger is Brain activity” Too broad ~ Needs to define specific mental states. Functionalism tries to solved this, maybe we shouldn’t worry about defining how to associate different mental states lets look at what the problem is, and how to solve it???? (look up) - there is a process that ccan be examined and explained. ~biologist,… 3
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
FUNCTIONALISM: All mechanical states are physical in nature. Psychologist, philosophers… Don’t try to do away with words What kind? They are explained by 1) Causes on body/person (input) 2) Internal processes (processes) 3) External action (output) pain, external causes distress….PROCESS - Mental states are defined by their purpose or function. ~ not just introspection, need the proper input/output How can I be mistaken about mental states? Ex: Roommate: “I hate my roommate” No, you would have moved out or something else. What did you roommate do to you? No reason
Background image of page 4
Image of page 5
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PHYS 236 taught by Professor Hamereski during the Fall '07 term at Winona.

Page1 / 22

TEST 2 - TEST 2: Day 1 10/11/07 Materialism Inter-theoretic...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 5. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online