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GOVT NOTES 3_26 - GOVT NOTES 3/26 SUPREME COURT(CONT The...

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GOVT NOTES 3/26 SUPREME COURT (CONT.) The Supreme Court’s original jurisdiction includes all cases affecting ambassadors, public ministers and consuls, and those in which a State is a party. All other cases fall under the Supreme Court’s appellate jurisdiction, subject to exceptions and regulations that Congress shall make. SUPREME COURT (CONT.) Even Though it is not expressly stated in the Constitution, under its appellate jurisdiction, the Supreme Court exercises the power of judicial review, which is the power of the court to declare national, state, and local laws invalid if they violated the U.S. Constitution. The Supreme Court creates the power of judicial review in early court decisions, such as Marbury vs. Madison (1803), where it invalidated a Congressional law because it is unconstitutional. Thomas Jefferson, lamenting this decision, declares that we now live under a judicial tyranny. S.C. APPELLATE JURISDICTION Most of the Supreme Court’s case load comes from its appellate jurisdiction. It receives thousands of appeals each year, but it hears roughly 100-150 appeals. Therefore, the Court must ‘weed out’ thousands of cases. There are three conditions that must be met before the
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