Sigmund Freud - moved the explanation of mental disease...

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Sigmund Freud Freud was born in 1856 in Moravia and moved to Vienna at the age of four. He lived there until 1938 when the Nazis took over Austria, fleeing to London where he died the next year. “My parents were Jews, and I have remained a Jew myself,” he said, but this marked only a cultural, not a religious, loyalty. Freud was an atheist who treated as an illusion, akin to neurosis. However, being a Jew slowed up the advancement of his academic career. He was trained as a physician, specializing in physiology and anatomy. In the early 1890s Freud turned his interest to the study of nervous diseases and was not content merely to describe hysterical symptoms but wished to analyze them as well. And by the mid-1890s he was fairly confident that he understood their root cause- sexual repression. This discovery was of great importance because it placed a spotlight on an area of human experience, which other investigators had been too genteel to explore and because it
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Unformatted text preview: moved the explanation of mental disease from the area of physiology to that of psychology. While falsely accused of holding that everything in the world was caused by sex. Freud assigned sex a leading role in his system. There were no accidents in his world: slips of the pen, dreams, neurotic symptoms, or sexual tastes did not just happen. If one believes them to be spontaneous and fortuitous, that is only because the mind is like an iceberg, with its main part submerged in the unconscious. There are telling moments when the unconscious emerges into the consciousness; e.g., dreams while sleeping. In an effort to heal his patients, Freud developed a technique, “psychoanalysis,” which was his importance in the area of medicine. This technique consisted of an extended and deep probing of the patient’s mind to get at the subconscious layers ordinarily revealed only in dreams....
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