Psychology 101

Psychology 101 - 16:00:00 ← ← What is health psychology...

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Unformatted text preview: 15/01/2008 16:00:00 ← 1/8/08 ← What is health psychology? • Scientific contribution of psychology to: o Promotion and maintenance of health o Prevention and treatment of illness o The identification of the causes of health, illness, and dysfunction o Analysis and improvement of health care system; (how should nurses be trained) • Audio clip: oncologist and patients 37% of conversations provided “empathetic opportunity” 22% of oncologists responded with “continuers” o When responded with empathy patients more likely to adhere to treatment and have greater satisfaction ← Bi-directional relationship: (interplay of 2 factors) • Psychology and physical health: effects of physical health on psychological functioning or vice versa Questions: are certain personality types more likely to get sick or get certain illnesses? • Weak personalities types more likely to get sick suffer depression, or anxiety illnesses; people who have negative/pessimistic personalities fail to overcome obstacles an feel helpless ← Can beliefs affect your health? • 660 people over 50 years; 1975—health, marital status, many questions including views about aging (some said the older they get, the less useful they feel) • grouped into different views (pos/neg) • then in 1998 researchers looked to see if they were still alive; o Negative views lived 15 more years o Positive view lived 22 more years ← 1/10/08 Biopsy. Model and Methodology ← illness through history ← “Evil spirits”, “God’s Punishment”, Organ and Cell pathology; Stone Ages/Middle Ages ← 1. trepanation (drilling of hole in people’s head) • This has been going on for over 10,000 years ago; people were healed, recovered; to rid spirits 2. Used torture during Middle Ages • Individual’s fault and evil spirit entered • Black Death (1347 AD); Victims of the plague believed that it was due to their sinning; CURE= inflicting pain on self • Good health=moon alignment o 4 elements: fire, earth, wind, water o all had to balance out and the moon influenced this within the person o both planets and body= 4 elements o harmony was needed o Zodiac Chart; “in time of Leo, don’t cut certain area; instruction for each time throughout the year ← 3. Renaissance: organ and cell pathology • early microscopes; organic, cellular explanations ← 4. Mid 1700’s: Capillary Tension: • ‘blood letting’ with leeches sucked blood • to much blood so needed to be sucked out ← 5. 1800’s comfort: people receiving treatment led to more death; • idea: medical drugs are ineffective • for 100 years docs and nurses listened, comforted but no treatments ← 6. 1900’s: Biomedical Treatment • 1925 Invention of Penicillan; patient before treatment (syphilis) and after Biomedical Model: • illness based on organ not functioning properly or biochemical in body being out of balance • all illness has a biomedical cause • all illness can be cured with drugs/operation if we can...
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This note was uploaded on 04/19/2008 for the course COMM 89 taught by Professor Jansma during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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Psychology 101 - 16:00:00 ← ← What is health psychology...

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