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KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION AND MEMORY DEVELOPMENT1Knowledge Acquisition and Memory DevelopmentJosephine SerailePSY 331: Psychology of LearningInstructor: Molly SantilloOctober 26, 2020Author Note:
KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION AND MEMORY DEVELOPMENT2Knowledge Acquisition and Memory DevelopmentThe brain develops from the foetal stage to the moment one is born and throughouthis/her life until he/she passes on.The brain is a very crucial organ in the body of humans andanimals. In addition, the brain affects and controls how we interact with our environmentalexperiences, senses pathways and is influenced by the experiences we encounter in life. Genesalso contribute to how the brain develops. Our brains integrate every information received frominfancy up until we are adults. Therefore, there is the need to ensure that children engage inactivities that boost their brain development such as playing, communicating with themconstantly, learning and supporting them. The brain develops various concepts, information,ideas and knowledge. The link between how one’s memory develops and how one acquiresknowledge gives us an understanding effective one processes and retains what he/she haslearned. Memory and learning are therefore two separate concepts where memory is the effect oflearning information effectively.Defining Memory DevelopmentAccording to Bauer and Pathman (2008), memory development is a vital component thatplays a huge role in one’s cognitive, emotional and social functioning. It is essential tounderstand that memory development is a process that is developed through acknowledging howseveral factors influence a person’s ability to learn and retain information. Theories that elaborateon the working memory and the long-term memory are further divided into declarative and non-declarative forms. Long-term development is more effective when memory development islinked to knowledge acquisition. Based on the course text, information processing the one’sability to access new information, relate it to previous knowledge, accommodate this knowledgein the memory and later recall it when needed (Rosser-Majors, 2017). Memory development is a
KNOWLEDGE ACQUISITION AND MEMORY DEVELOPMENT3significant component in learning new knowledge. This idea is supported by the evidence ofbeing able to utilize the information that has been learned. Thus, knowledge acquisition requiresthe functions of the memory to take place.The Importance of Moving Short-term Memory to Long-term MemoryThe ability to transfer information from the working memory to long-term memory isessential since it increases a person’s resistance to interference from disruptive factors andcompeting stimuli. Usually, it takes time to move information from the working memory to thelong-term memory and consolidation. Consolidation is the process that stabilizesmemories/information after introducing the concepts (acquisition). For information processing totake place, the learner must be able to convert vital information from his/her short-term memoryto the long-term memory (Rosser-Majors, 2017). An individual’s capacity to effectively learnrequires him/her to remove distractions. Thus, a person’s long-term memory will in turn affecthow he/she recalls information, which is an essential aspect in learning. Many scholars consider

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Psychology, Working Memory, Memory Development

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