How did the Cold War affect the social and political climate in the United States during the 1950s? In particular, how do you explain McCarthyism and the Red Scare? Can you think of any modern parallels to these events, when fear and paranoia threatened basic American liberties? Elaborate.The Cold War had a big influence on American society during the 20thcentury. It escalated because of opposing values between the United States, representing capitalism and democracy, and the Soviet Union, representing communism and authoritarianism. Being the two dominant world powers after WWII, competition between the Americans and Soviets became a global conflict. Economically, the Americans advocated for free market capitalism while the Soviets promoted communism. Both sides expressed how their system was beneficial and how the other was not. For the Americans, this meant supporting capitalism; while discouraging communism. On the other hand, the Soviets preached equality among all citizens and portrayed the West as being greedy and materialistic.