Hinduism - Hinduism Background No specific founder Part...

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Hinduism Background No specific founder Part ritual, later teachings are philosophical Formalized by the British and French scholars of the 18 th and 19 th centuries Monotheistic Millions of daevis are mistranslated to gods and goddesses There are many levels of practicing Teaches fundamental truths – Brahman, the One, Absolute, Reality Three concepts – Brahman (creation), Vishnu (sustaining and dividing) and Shiva (separation) Belief in reincarnation Traced back to civilization of the Indo Valley (4000-3000 BC) Aryan invasion and as a result Aryan-Indo doctrines are made. Aryans bring technology, Sanskrit, social class system, and established communities Ritualistic practices in which the words come from the Holy Himalayas Texts Textual compilations pass through Vedic to Brahmanic priests Women no longer take part in ritual Many texts are lost Hierarchal system: goes from Brahmans to Nobles to Merchants to Farmers to Untouchables Communicate through Sanskrit, most texts are in also in it No single definitive scripture but many are authoritative Three important texts: o Veda Means knowledge 1500-800 BC Four main Vedas – Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, Atharva Veda All count as mantras Believe in male and female deities (gods) Gods named and worshipped as certain forces of nature (thunder, fire, sky, etc.) o Upanishads Means “sitting down near teacher” Deals with philosophical problems Major concepts: Atman (self, soul, spirit), Brahman (absolute, god, self), both identical Liberation is the realization of the oneness of god o Bhagavad Gita
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Means “songs of the lord” Most popular of the scriptures Teaches the art of living
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course RELIGOUS S 130 taught by Professor Aces during the Spring '08 term at UWO.

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Hinduism - Hinduism Background No specific founder Part...

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