Preparation Outlines of L

Preparation Outlines of L - Preparation Outlines of LAH...

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Preparation Outlines of LAH Midterm Examination Varzea* Term identifies the region of amazonia that is the flood plain of the rainforest - definite advantages for the natives to settle along the banks of these flood plains o seasonal agricultue (flood and ressesion; nov-june, june- oct respectively) o good for hunting and gathering society to rotate between this and agricultue - the varzea is land that offers the most fertility - especially when along a white water river which is rich with sediment from the Andes (contrast with the black and clear which do not carry nutrients and perhaps come from the older highliand, now stripped of nutrients) - better to settle here vs. the campina forest,campo (savannas), cerrado (gallery forest) or terra firma which had a much lowere fertility - tributaries off the highlands – nutrients have been exhausted through erosion o examples include the tocantins and the xinju - nutrient rich andian rivers: ucayali, huallaga, mederia, purus - the varzea was useful for growing manioc, beans, maize, yams, peanuts - terra firma- good for hunting and gathering fruits and insects - nitch strategy- exploiting the land in the appropriate time in the appropriate way - because of the fertility in the floodplain- it is possible to sustain large mobile populations, contrary to the long held idea that the people of the amazon have always been sparce (this is attributed to thhe Euro disease) - archeolgy showed this and broke the mold of much anthropological thinking - the fertility and seasonal conditions of the varzea allow for understanding of how signigicant it was the lives of the native - their world revolved around this - it is this region that signigicantly points the the large probability of large self- sustaining populations in the interior of the Amazon, contrary to long term popular anthropological linguistic trends - note use of slash and burn agriculture - establish a range of dates Sertanista - Portuguese terms for a wilderness settler, slavers, explorers and bushfighters - The guy who explored the backlands - 1730-1760 involved heavily in the contraband trade of the Potosi o searched for silver and emeralds but found dimonds and gold - Example: Pedro de Texira - one of the first to undertake an expedition up the Amazon o In 1626 he gets to the mouth of the Topajos
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o Exemplary sertanista (significant) o Amazonian penetration o Started the process of drogas - sertanistas based out of sao paulo - mention Jeronomo de albequeque- not as a sertonisto o ethnicity v. activity - b/c of him and those like him began a process of extration of wilderness goods "drogas do sertao*” - included cacoa, cinnamon, vanilla, cloves, aromatic roots such as sarsparilla - inabled an internal SA market to develop - another is Fransisco de Melo Palheta - moved up the Mederia (1717)and reached the Mamore in the 1720’s o person who brought coffee to Brazil from French Guiana o reached the Moxos area o extensively expanding Portuguese control - the Convention of 1737- puts an end to much of the things that they were
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course LAH 4603 taught by Professor Needel during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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Preparation Outlines of L - Preparation Outlines of LAH...

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