3-history of chinese history

3-history of chinese history - (“origin myth” is just a...

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On Pronouncing Chinese Names and Terms 1. Historical development of Chinese 1) Ancient Chinese 2) Medieval Chinese 3) Modern Chinese 2. Dialects: Migrations and isolation, southern dialects actually more “ancient”—Cantonese, Taiwanese and rhymes 3. Standard Chinese: The Pinyin and Wade-Giles systems and other non-systems 4. “Non-standard” spellings and pronunciations 5. Chinese loanwords in English 6. English loanwords in Chinese
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“History” and history: I. Chronology, the order that things happened, the milestones, the scale of time II. “History,” i. as in a tradition of keeping records of events in time and ii. understanding the present against the background of a past that most members of the community, the culture know and understand and iii. a view of the world that is historical—in this case, history as a narrative about the world, where meaning, values come from. In many ways takes the place of myth or religion
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Unformatted text preview: (“origin myth” is just a fairy tale, but story of the Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors, the Shang-Zhou transition, etc. are understood the way Genesis is understood for religious Jews, Muslims, and Christians) iv. The structure of history: ours is linear—cause & effect, evolution, progress; Chinese is cyclical or spiral—patterns, repetitions, precedents v. The function of history: Governments whose authority to rule is based on showing that they are destined to rule according to principles of history; every new dynasty rewrites the past. Families: Identity based on belonging to a lineage, which is the family on a timeline. Genealogy is the most important document in any family. You don’t just have ancestors and respect them, you know them and live with them, they are part of the present, the past lives in the present and the present interacts with the past....
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ANS 302C taught by Professor Boretz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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3-history of chinese history - (“origin myth” is just a...

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