Schools of Ancient Chinese Philosophy

Schools of Ancient Chinese Philosophy - 399-295 BCE...

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Foundations of Chinese Philosophy: “100 schools contending” 1) Confucianism: Culture, Tradition, and Morality Confucius (Kongzi) 孔子 551-479 BCE Analects 論語 Mencius (Mengzi) 孟子 371-289 BCE Mencius 孟子 Xünzi 荀子 298-238 BCE Xünzi 荀子 The “Four Books” and “Five Classics” are all ancient texts, but they were not considered “Confucian” until much later (Song dynasty). Four Books: Analects, Mencius, Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean Five Classics: Changes, Poetry, Rites, History, Spring and Autumn Annals
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2) Taoism: Nature and the Relativity of Being Laozi (Lao Tzu) 老子 6 th or 4 th century BCE? Laozi (or) Daodejing ( The Way and its Power ) 老子 道德經 Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzu)
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Unformatted text preview: 399-295 BCE Zhuangzi ( Chuang Tzu ) 3) Mohism: Universal Love Mozi 479-438 BCE Mozi 4) Legalism: Laws and Punishments Han Fei Zi (Han Fei Tzu) d. 233 BCE Han Fei Zi Li Si d. 208 BCE 5) Strategists: Political Intrigue and Military Dominance Sun Wu fl. 6 th century BCE Sun Bin d. 316 BCE The Art of War 6) Nominalists, Logicians, and Rhetoricians Gongsun Long 330-250 Hui Shi 380-300 We know the theories and ideas of the Nominalists and some other schools of Warring State philosophy mostly through fragmentary quotations found in other texts....
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Schools of Ancient Chinese Philosophy - 399-295 BCE...

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