Legalists and Qinshihuang

Legalists and Qinshihuang - gradations based on kinship...

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The Qin Dynasty (221 - 205 BC) -- First Chinese imperial dynasty -- Organization of state into administrative areas -- Rule strongly influenced by the theories of the Legalists, some of whom were 1st Emperor's advisors -- Avoided the mistakes of Zhou feudalism and strengthened central rule: Aristocrats forced to reside in the capital, in order to cut off their power base and place them under the control of the emperor The First Emperor, Qin Shihuangdi ("First Overlord")
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ACHIEVEMENTS: 1) Administrative, cultural, and transportation integration: --unified weights and measures --unified currency --unified writing system --constructed roads to link every part of the empire 2) Instituted a legal system based on reward and punishment --Egalitarian, i.e., rejected the Confucian notion of
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Unformatted text preview: gradations based on kinship --Applied equally to aristocrats and commoners 3) Built the earliest version of the Great Wall FAILURES: 1) Did not tolerate dissent -- Banned any intellectual work not aimed at practical matters -- Burned books that did not deal with practical things, such as agriculture, medicine, etc., destroying many of the ancient classics -- Alienated the intellectuals 2) Massive public works (e.g., Great Wall and First Emperors tomb) became a terrible burden for the common people -- Heavy taxation -- Forced labor Qin Shihuangdi, the First Emperor, expected his dynasty to last for 10,000 years. But it collapsed shortly after his death because his harsh rule had alienated the aristocrats, the intellectuals and the common people....
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ANS 302C taught by Professor Boretz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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Legalists and Qinshihuang - gradations based on kinship...

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