4-neolithic - father and male kin in father's family Writing evolves from symbols that may be representations of clan or family identity Increase

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The Late Neolithic and the Bronze Age Transition I. Outline chronology: 8,000 BCE: Settled agricultural communities appear 5000-3000 BCE: Yangshao "Painted Pottery" culture 3000-2200 BCE: Longshan "Black Pottery" culture 2200 BCE: Beginning of Bronze Age, early Chinese "state" founded by Xia people 1750 BCE: Conquest of Xia by Shang people. Oldest preserved samples of Chinese writing (oracle bones)
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II. Main features of late Neolithic cultures in north China: Yangshao culture (e.g., Chiang-chai village site) mostly in middle Yellow River Valley; related local cultures to the south, east, and northeast. o Painted pottery o Semi-permanent villages. o Spatial layout of settlements suggests a relatively egalitarian social organization based on unilinear clans. o Probable practice of clan exogamy (marrying outside the group related through
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Unformatted text preview: father and male kin in father's family) Writing evolves from symbols that may be representations of clan or family identity Increase in levels of wealth o Appearance of "luxury goods" o Evidence of division of population by occupational specialty (prior to this, probably only a sexual division of labor--farming, hunting, pottery-making, weaving). o Early graves contain mostly items of daily life, and little difference in quantity or quality of items from grave to grave. o During Longshan period, some people buried with large amounts of jade and other non-utilitarian items. Appearance in late Neolithic of artistic motifs in pottery and stone, shapes of pottery items, cultural practices that anticipate later forms; suggest a direct line of development from these cultures (Longshan, etc.) to early Chinese civilization....
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course ANS 302C taught by Professor Boretz during the Fall '07 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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4-neolithic - father and male kin in father's family Writing evolves from symbols that may be representations of clan or family identity Increase

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