Eating Disorders and Weight Control
What are general characteristics of eating disorders?
NOT about weight.
Eating disorders are complex, psychological illnesses where people try to
control conflict and stress in their lives by controlling food.
The food, weight, and body image issues are
identifiable symptoms of deep-rooted, often difficult-to-identify problems.
Describe anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder.
Anorexia nervosa – characterized by a refusal to maintain a minimally normal body weight, stef-
starvation, disturbed perception to body image,
Bulimia- recurring episodes of binge eating combined with a moral fear of becoming fat. Followed
Binge eating- eating disorder like anorexia w/out purging
In which situation may a person actually be of normal weight or even over-weight?
Who is most likely to develop an eating disorder?
What are some of the signs and symptoms of anorexia nervosa?
Weight loss, refusal to eat, distorted body image, excessive exercise, dressing inlayers to hide
Weight is at or above normal, frequent trips to bathroom, vomiting, decayed teeth and foul breath,
mood swings, abuse of laxatives
Binge Eating Disorder?
Gobbling food, feeling stuffed to the point of pain, eating large amounts without being hungry,
depressed mood feeling helpless once starting to eat
What are the health risks associated with these three eating disorders?
Death, Dehydration, heart, liver and kidney damage, lower immune system
What are some things that you could do if you suspect someone you know has an eating disorder?
Be non-judgemental, talk to the person about concern one-on-one, complement on stuff other
than weight, go with that person to get help
What is the use of a person’s body mass index?
Ratio of weight to height used to estimate body fat
Be able to calculate a person’s BMI given their height and weight.
(Bodyweight x 703)/ inches squared
What BMI levels are associated with a person being under-weight, normal-weight, overweight, obese?
Under-weight= < 18.5
overweight- 25-29.9 obease- > 30
What is one downfall of using BMI’s to assess a person’s weight status?
# it may overestimate body fat in athletes and others who have a muscular build.