Psychology Chapter 1 - 1 Psychology Monday Chapter One The Nature of Psychology 1 Definition of Psychology Psychology is defined as the scientific

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1 Psychology Monday, January 07, 2008 Chapter One: The Nature of Psychology 1. Definition of Psychology Psychology is defined as the scientific ability of behavior and mental processes. It is based on two Latin words psychic (meaning soul or spirit) and logos (meaning study). The roots of psychology are traced to ancient Greek philosophers including Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. For centuries, psychology was dominated by religious views. I. Beginning of Scientific Psychology : Philosophers were interested in the study of mind and body and the relation between the two. However, the birth of scientific psychology is dated on 1879 when Wilhein Wundt established the first psychological laboratory at the University of Letzig in Germany. Later, john Watson from the school of Behaviorism stated that psychology was the scientific study of behavior both covert and overt behavior. Covert behavior is not noticed, but overt behavior is observable behavior and should be the focus of study. According to Behaviorists since 1879 various schools of psychology have been presented by persons studying human or animal behavior. 2. Scientific Study of Behavior Present-day psychologists focus on the study of behavior for the following reasons:
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2 A) Prediction of behavior B) Control of behavior C) Explanation of behavior D) Description of behavior II. CONTEMPERARY AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES A perspective is and approach or a way of looking at topics within psychology. The following perspectives (approaches) are currently used in the study of both human and animal behavior. 1. The Biological Perspective This approach is sometimes called the neurological approach. It attempts to relate overt behavior to electrical and chemical events taking place inside the body. Research from the biological perspective tries to specify the neurobiological processes that cause behavior and mental processes. It emphasizes the role of certain heredity as the cause of behavior. 2. The Behavioral Perspective
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PSY 2012 taught by Professor Negy during the Spring '07 term at University of Central Florida.

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Psychology Chapter 1 - 1 Psychology Monday Chapter One The Nature of Psychology 1 Definition of Psychology Psychology is defined as the scientific

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