Psychology Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Conciousness I. ASPECTS OF...

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Chapter 6 Conciousness I. ASPECTS OF CONCIOUSNESS 1. Conciousness A person’s perceptions, thoughts, feelings and memories that ae active at a given moment are referred to as consciousness (or awareness). 2. Freud’s Views Sigmund Freud proposed preconcious and unconscious levels as well. Memories and thoughts which can be readily accessible to us are in the preconcious mind whereas memories, impulses and desires that are not accessible are in the unconscious mind. Under certain conditions such as in our dreams, or under the influence of certain drugs, or due to slips of the tongue, the unconscious material becomes conscious. 3. Active and Passive Conciousness Active consciousness refers to being active, initiative and seeking, such as problem solving. Passive consciousness refers to being receptive of what is going on such as watching a tv show. Doing well on an exam requires active consciousness. 4. Repression According to Freud, painful memories, especially during childhood years are removed from conscious mind and are placed in the unconscious mind through the process of repression. The person seemingly “forgets” painful memories and needs psychological intervention to bring such memories to conscious mind. 5. Day Dreaming A creative way to relieve boredom is to day-dream. However, persisting in this behavior is not healthy. Daydreaming is based on thoughts and images in memory. II. SLEEP AND DREAMS 1. Stages of Sleep
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The sleep schedule changes over the life span. Neonates spend most of the time sleeping. Gradually, they adopt the pattern of their parents’ sleep. Each individual functions on his/her biological clock which is also known as circadian rhythm. It more or less indicates when the person goes to sleep and when the person wakes up. Interference with the circadian rhythm is noted when a person travels over several time zones (e.g. going to Europe from USA), a phenomenon known
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Psychology Chapter 6 - Chapter 6 Conciousness I. ASPECTS OF...

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