02 Cells to Biomolecules to Genes

02 Cells to Biomolecules to Genes - Create your own...

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Create your own genetically healthy child online! http://www.genochoice.com What would go into this? • genes • ways to engineer the genes • knowledge of how the genes affected traits • How is genetic information translated to a organismal level trait? The Cell: The Basic Unit of Life • Microscopes are needed to visualize cells. Electron microscopes allow observation of greater detail than light microscopes do. Review Figure 4.4 Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic • All organisms are made up of cells • Two main organizational patterns for cells – Prokaryotic: Bacteria and Archaea • No membrane enclosed internal compartments • Simplest – Eukaryotic: Us, plants, fungi, • Membrane enclosed internal compartments • More complex
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Prokaryotic Cells • Diverse sources of energy/nutrients, present everywhere • All prokaryotic cells have a plasma membrane, a nucleoid region with DNA, and a cytoplasm containing ribosomes, dissolved enzymes, water, and small molecules. • Some prokaryotes have a cell wall, outer membrane,
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02 Cells to Biomolecules to Genes - Create your own...

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