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Short Essay Assignment #1 Rational Choice Theory

Short Essay Assignment #1 Rational Choice Theory - Theory...

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Theory & Applied Criminology – PO 235 Dr. Cronin Short Essay Assignment #1 February 6, 2008 R.C. Street [email protected] Rational Choice Theory: Explaining Elements of Recent Crimes In the world today there are many different types of crime and also many different types of offenders. In an effort to predict crime and to prevent it people have tried to figure out what causes one to commit a crime; because of this effort to see in advance what causes people to commit crime many different theories have been developed; one of these theories is the rational choice theory. Rational choice theory is “the view that crime is a function of a decision-making process in which the potential offender weighs the potential costs and benefits of and illegal act” (Siegel, 2008,2005). This means that before a criminal commits a crime that they have considered the positives of committing the crime and the negatives and in the mind of the offender the positives outweigh the possible punishment so they commit the crime. Even though this theory is relatively old; relating to Cessara Beccaria and the Classical School it still applies to crime today and even in crime localy (Cronin, 2008)and (Siegel, 2008,2005). The Rational choice theory can be applied to recent periodical articles relating to crimes committed in recent history. Man Indicted: The Man Indicted article appeared in The News-Herold on Wends January 30, 2008. The article speaks of a Cleveland man (Dajuan Banks) who murdered Sam Nicholson by stabbing him to death. Banks was arraigned on the 31 of January on “three counts of aggravated murder, two counts of aggravated burglary and one count of kidnapping” (Read, 2008). Banks murdered Nicholson because to stop Nicholson from marry the Defendant ex-girlfriend (Read, 2008).
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