soc chater 2 notes

soc chater 2 notes - SOC 441 Deterrence Theory 12:33:00 PM...

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SOC 441 19:33 Deterrence Theory Rational Choice Theory (Benthem/Beccaria 18     th     cen.)     -argued for the rationality of all  people.  Claims that people make decisions based on a “ hedonistic calculus ”; this  involves weighing the risk of ‘pain’ against the potential ‘pleasure’ of every act.   all reasonable people don’t have a stupid irrational system have a system that people will respect, have a system that will have penalties that will slighty outweigh the offense. Make a system that makes a lot of sense Rationales for Criminal Justice Policy (4):     Incapacitation     -reliance on long prison terms that have the effect of “warehousing”  offenders, and thus preventing/limiting further contact with the general public. Any criminal justice policy has one of these four rationales behind it. Incapacitation for very minor crimes in foreign 3 rd  world countries. Not putting in prison to scare them, warehouse them so that they can’t offend again Measure 11, death row, 3 strike approach, Can’t allow people to go back out and reoffend once they have offended Casting the net to wide, doesn’t make sense to incapacitate for 25 years to life- to  expensive. Issue is, what is a strike, California, net got to wide, strike zone defined, list of strike able offenses is huge,
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Rehabilitation-     contends that crime results from correctable deficiencies in people’s  morals, economic status or social background.  Therefore, sentencing should address  these problems to prevent further crime (e.g. provide job skills, counselling, etc.).  Anger management Drug treatment, Attempts to completely re-socialize individuals When individuals claim they wont do drugs again in the program, other individuals  get in there face and tell them that’s bullshit, attempting to completely re-socialize the  individual.   Retribution     -belief that offenders should be punished because they deserve to suffer as  the victim suffered.  There is no “benefit” argued to result, outside of making the offender  pay.  Oldest rationale. In the bible “eye for an eye” the offender deserves the punishment. Very strong commitment to retribution in the U.S.
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course SOC 441 taught by Professor Akins during the Spring '08 term at Oregon State.

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soc chater 2 notes - SOC 441 Deterrence Theory 12:33:00 PM...

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