Collective_entrepreneurship_and_collecti - Int J Business and Globalisation Vol x No x xxxx 1 Collective entrepreneurship and collective strategies the

Collective_entrepreneurship_and_collecti - Int J Business...

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Int. J. Business and Globalisation, Vol. x, No. x, xxxx 1 Copyright © 200x Inderscience Enterprises Ltd. Collective entrepreneurship and collective strategies: the case of tourism in France Katherine Gundolf and Annabelle Jaouen* GSCM – Montpellier Business School, 2300 avenue des moulins, 34185 Montpellier Cedex 4, France E-mail: [email protected] E-mail: [email protected] * Corresponding author Stéphanie Loup Toulouse III University, 129A, avenue de Rangueil, BP 67701, 31077 Toulouse Cedex 4, France E-mail: [email protected] Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to explore the emergence and management of collective strategies between SMEs in the French tourism sector. The authors study how collective entrepreneurship appears in a territory, and how the implemented collective strategies evolve through time. This research is based on four cases studies. This research shows that these clusters can emerge according to two processes: collective entrepreneurship or institutional incitation, each one implying different coordination patterns. Moreover, it appears that these two management modes vary over time. So, three potential configurations may emerge: ‘stagnation’, ‘institutionalisation’, or ‘dis-institutionalisation’. Keywords: SMEs; collective entrepreneurship; collective strategies; clusters; coordination. Reference to this paper should be made as follows: Gundolf, K., Jaouen, A. and Loup, S. (xxxx) ‘Collective entrepreneurship and collective strategies: the case of tourism in France’, Int. J. Business and Globalisation , Vol. x, No. x, pp.xxx–xxx. Biographical notes: Katherine Gundolf received her PhD at the University of Montpellier 1, France in 2006. Currently she is an Assistant Professor at Montpellier Business School – GSCM, France, Associate Member of ERFI, and Founding Member of the Institute for Management Research Cologne, Germany. She is also in the Board of Directors of the French speaking Council on Entrepreneurship and Small Business (AIREPME), reviewer for several journals and she has participated at the organisation of diverse conferences and workshops. She works on small business strategies in general, especially in a local context. She also works on local development strategies of SMEs, and collective strategies. She is particularly interested in entrepreneur’s relationships.
2 K. Gundolf et al. Annabelle Jaouen is an Assistant Professor at GSCM-Montpellier Business School, France. She is a member of Centre d’Etudes et de Recherches sur les Organisations et le Management (CEROM), and a member of several academic associations such as ECSB or EGOS. She earned her PhD at the University of Montpellier 1 (France) in 2005. Her research objects are entrepreneurship and microfirm strategies, notably collective behaviours, networks and strategic alliances. She also works on entrepreneur profiles and strategic decision-making processes.

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