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Equilibrium quiz.docx - a. A weak electrolyte is a solute...

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a. A weak electrolyte is a solute that partially dissociates, or seperates, into its constituentcations and another anions during the solvation process.b. A Bronsted-Lowry acid is a chemical species that donates 1 or more hydrogen ions in areaction.c. An acid is a proton (H+) donor, and a base is a proton acceptor.d. An acid donates a proton to a base.e. A solvent capable of acting as a solvent or a base.f. A molecule or ion having separate positively and negatively charged groups.g. A proton is transferred between two identical molecules, one of which acts as a Bronstedbase acid, releasing a proton which is accepted by the other molecule acting as a Bronstedbase.h. Are defined by their pKa. The acid must be stronger in aqueous solution than a hydrogenion, so its pKa must be lower than that of a hydronium ion.i. A principle in chemistry used to predict the effect of a change in conditions on chemicalequilibria.j. refers to the decrease in solubility of an ionic precipitate by the addition to the solution ofa soluble3-35.a.An amphiprotic substance isone that can donate or accept H+ions.b. Differentiating solvents arechemical solvents that cause various acids to dissociate todifferent degrees.c. Leveling effect or solvent leveling refers tothe effect of solvent on the properties of acidsand bases.d. Mass action is the effect when continuously adding reactants (= substances that are usedin a reaction) to a reaction causes it to generate products continuously.3-37.AcidConjugate Base
a.HOCL+ H2O ->H3O++ OCl-b.HONH2+H2O->HONH
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