Paper4-Final - Nelson 1 Alfred Nelson ENGL 1100 Mrs...

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Nelson 1 Alfred Nelson ENGL 1100 Mrs. Phillips 30 November 2007 The “Shadow Cities” of The Future At Technology, Entertainment, Design's (TED) annual conference, Robert Neuwirth presents information on “the 'shadow cities' of the future,” also called squatter communities. He describes these communities as impoverished illegal neighborhoods that sit around cities across the globe. These communities are usually comprised of the poorest citizens, and because of their wealth live illegally; stealing water, sewage, and electricity through tapping lines. They also live in deplorable conditions, sharing shacks that sit next to piles of feces and garbage. Neuwirth uses these conditions, facts, and his own experiences through appeals to prove why he thinks the audience should recognize squatter communities as legal neighborhoods in politics and society to the educated people attending the TED conference. Neuwirth starts by making numerous sympathetic references from his book to express the impoverished conditions of people living in the squatters to the TED audience. First, he mentions a teenager named Julius, a boy Neuwirth met from is visit to Nairobi, who recently arrived to a squatter village. Neuwirth describes Julius as being “bug-eyed” during their experiences together “and at certain points...[Julius] grabbed [his] hand for support [when he found] out that it was Julius' first day in Nairobi.” This dialogue that Neuwirth gives does a good job challenging the audiences ideas about the feelings of people who live in squatters by capturing the actions of a sympathetic community member. This also is the beginning of Neuwirth using the pathos appeal to get rid of any negative generalizations the audience may have.
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Nelson 2 Neuwirth also challenges “our perception of what we think the good life is,” by giving the viewpoint of another teenagers thoughts of living in the Nairobi squatter community. He
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