Manufacturing-technologies-of-carbonglass-fiberreinforced-polymer-composites-and-their-properties-A-

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polymersReviewManufacturing Technologies of Carbon/Glass Fiber-ReinforcedPolymer Composites and Their Properties: A ReviewDipen Kumar Rajak1,*, Pratiksha H. Wagh2and Emanoil Linul3,*Citation:Rajak, D.K.; Wagh, P.H.;Linul, E. Manufacturing Technologiesof Carbon/Glass Fiber-ReinforcedPolymer Composites and TheirProperties: A Review.Polymers2021,13, 3721. polym13213721Academic Editor: Francesca LionettoReceived: 7 October 2021Accepted: 26 October 2021Published: 28 October 2021Publisher’s Note:MDPI stays neutralwith regard to jurisdictional claims inpublished maps and institutional affil-iations.Copyright:© 2021 by the authors.LicenseeMDPI,Basel,Switzerland.This article is an open access articledistributedunderthetermsandconditions of the Creative CommonsAttribution (CC BY) license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).1Department of Mechanical Engineering, G. H. Raisoni Institute of Business Management,Jalgaon 425002, MH, India2Department of Mechanical Engineering, G. H. Raisoni Institute of Engineering and Technology,Pune 412207, MH, India; [email protected]3Department of Mechanics and Strength of Materials, Politehnica University Timisoara,300 222 Timisoara, Romania*Correspondence: [email protected] (D.K.R.); [email protected] (E.L.)Abstract:Over the last few years, there has been a growing interest in the study of lightweightcomposite materials. Due to their tailorable properties and unique characteristics (high strength,flexibility and stiffness), glass (GFs) and carbon (CFs) fibers are widely used in the productionof advanced polymer matrix composites.Glass Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (GFRP) and CarbonFiber-Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) composites have been developed by different fabrication methodsand are extensively used for diverse engineering applications. A considerable amount of researchpapers have been published on GFRP and CFRP composites, but most of them focused on particularaspects. Therefore, in this review paper, a detailed classification of the existing types of GFs and CFs,highlighting their basic properties, is presented. Further, the oldest to the newest manufacturingtechniques of GFRP and CFRP composites have been collected and described in detail. Furthermore,advantages, limitations and future trends of manufacturing methodologies are emphasized. The mainproperties (mechanical, vibrational, environmental, tribological and thermal) of GFRP and CFRPcomposites were summarized and documented with results from the literature. Finally, applicationsand future research directions of FRP composites are addressed. The database presented hereinenables a comprehensive understanding of the GFRP and CFRP composites’ behavior and it canserve as a basis for developing models for predicting their behavior.Keywords:GFRP and CFRP composites; manufacturing techniques; properties; applications1. IntroductionThroughout human history, from early civilizations to enabling future innovations,composite materials have played an important role. Compared to fully dense materials (e.g.,steel, aluminum, etc.), composites offer many advantages, some of which are lightweight,high strength and stiffness, excellent vibration damping property, design flexibility, corro-sion and wear resistance. Due to these special features, composite materials have spreadin our daily lives, starting from the usual household items to complex fields such as thebiomedical, sport, maritime and building industries. Moreover, some special applications

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Tensile strength, CF, carbon fiber, Composite material, CFRP composites

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