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History of Human Wildlife Interactions (Moyle)

History of Human Wildlife Interactions (Moyle) - •...

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History of Human-Wildlife Interactions in North America How culture influences attitudes towards wildlife How wildlife populations have changed in response to human populations Illustrated version of Chapters 1 & 2 in your readings (on class website). WFC 10, October 2007
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Conclusions: Pre-European Era Wildlife populations changed drastically after initial human invasion Native Americans had major impact landscape everywhere But- large populations of many wildlife species coexisted with humans
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Conclusions: Era of Exploitation Attitude towards wilderness and wildlife negative: interfered with progress Founding of wildlife management agencies and parks Advent of science-based studies
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Conclusions: Era of Protection Protection mainly from extremes of overexploitation Wild areas and wildlife should be used
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Unformatted text preview: • Appreciation of need for strong governmental role in conservation Rachel Carson, 1907-1964 1957 Conclusions: Era of Game Management • Scientific management of wildlife accepted • Focus on harvestable species • Dawning of realization of enviromental damage by by-products of rampant civilization – Externalization of environmental costs Conclusions: Era of Environmental Management • Recognition of need to protect environment in a broad sense • Major environmental legislation passed • Growing recognition that human and ecosystem health tied together Conclusions: Era of Conservation Biology • Awareness of interconnections – Built and natural environment – Humans and wildlife – Economics and ecology • Climate change a growing issue • Global action required...
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