PHIL155g Lecture 15-16-Nietzsche Spr15 gaps - Friedrich...

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Friedrich Nietzsche
Life and Influence German philosopher, 1844-1900. Professor of Classics from 1869-1879. Went insane in 1889, and lived his last years in an asylum. One of Hitler’s favorite philosophers, and associated with Nazism after WWII.
The Death of God “God is dead” means… 1. God does not . . . . . . 2. We have ceased to . . . . . . . . . . Why? Science & Honesty… Darwin: we are animals evolved from apes, not made in the image of God. Copernicus: the earth is not the center of the universe. 3. Everything that was built on this foundation must now . . . . . . . too. Western views on metaphysics, morality, and the meaning of life: all founded on Christianity. But they are all deluded, and in reality these things are “. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .”. Leaves a nihilistic vacuum: nothing seems to have any . . . . . . . . . . . . . . We need new, naturalistic foundations.
Metaphysics of World and Self The world is an eternal play of forces vying against each other: “. . . . . . . . . . . . . .” We are fundamentally a collection of “drives” or desires, each of which is a . . . . . . . . . . . Hence, what we really strive for is not happiness, but . . . . . . . . Happiness is a side-effect, the . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Suffering is not a problem so long as we have a goal to strive for. Human nature, practices, and . . . . . . . . . . . . . are malleable and in flux, evolving through history.
On Reason, Philosophy, and Truth Reason and consciousness (“mind”) are not our . . . . . . . . . ; rather they are shallow, weak, and variable in contrast to our unconscious drives.

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