Exam 2 Terms - SOCY 1000 | Exam 2 Key Terms Chapter 5...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
SOCY 1000 | Exam 2 Key Terms Chapter 5 Hypothesis – a statement of how variables are expected to be related to one another, often according to predictions from a theory Variable – a factor thought to be significant for human behavior, which can vary or change from one case to another Operational definition – the way in which a researcher measures a variable Research method (or research design) – one of six procedures that sociologists use to collect data; surveys, participant observation, secondary analysis, documents, experiments, and unobtrusive measures Validity – the extent to which an operational definition measures what it was intended to measure Reliability – the extent to which research produces consistent or dependable results Replication – repeating a study in order to test its findings Survey – the collection of data by having people answer a series of questions Population – the target group to be studied Sample – the individuals intended to represent the population to be studied Random sample – a sample in which everyone in the target population has the same chance of being included in the study Stratified random sample – a sample from selected subgroups of the target population in which everyone has an equal chance of being included in the research Respondents – people who respond in a survey, either in interviews of by self-administered questionnaires Questionnaires – a list of questions to be asked of respondents Self-administered questionnaires – questionnaires that respondents fill out Interview – direct questioning of respondents Interviewer bias – effects that interviewers have on respondents that lead to biased answers Structured interviews – interviews that use closed-ended questions
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
SOCY 1000 | Exam 2 Key Terms Closed-ended questions –questions that are followed by a list of possible answers to be selected by the respondent Unstructured interviews – interviews that use open-ended questions Open-ended questions – questions that respondents answer in their own words Rapport – a feeling of trust between researchers and the people they are studying Participant observation (or fieldwork) – research in which the researcher participates in a research setting while observing what is happening in that setting Generalizability – the extent to which the findings from one group (or sample) can be generalized or applied to other groups (or populations) Secondary analysis – the analysis of data that have been collected by other researchers Documents – in its narrow sense, written sources that provide data; in its extended sense, archival material of any sort, including photographs, movies, CDs, DVDs, and so on Experiment – the use of control and experimental groups and dependent and independent variables to test causation Experimental group – the group of subjects who are exposed to the independent variable Control group – the group of subjects who are not exposed to the independent variable
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 8

Exam 2 Terms - SOCY 1000 | Exam 2 Key Terms Chapter 5...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online