Exam 3 Terms - SOCY 1000 Exam 3 | Terms Chapter 9 Social...

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SOCY 1000 Exam 3 | Terms Chapter 9 Social stratification – the division of large numbers of people into layers according to their relative power, property, and prestige; applies to both nations and to people within a nation, society, or other group Slavery – a form of social stratification in which some people own other people Bonded labor (or indentured service) – a contractual system in which someone sells his or her body (services) for a specific period of time in an arrangement very close to slavery, except that it is voluntarily entered into Ideology – beliefs about the way things ought to be that justify social arrangements Caste system – a form of social stratification in which one’s status is determined by birth and is lifelong Endogamy – the practice of marrying within one’s own group Apartheid – the separation of racial-ethnic groups as was practiced in South Africa Estate stratification system – the stratification system of medieval Europe, consisting of three groups or estates: the nobility, clergy, and commoners Class system – a form of social stratification based primarily on the possession of money or material possessions Social mobility – movement up or down the social class ladder Means of production – the tools, factories, land, and investment capital used to produce wealth Bourgeoisie – Marx’s term for capitalists, those who own the means of production Proletariat – Marx’s term for the exploited class, the mass of workers who do not own the means of production Class consciousness – Marx’s term for awareness of a common identity based on one’s position in the means of production 1
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SOCY 1000 Exam 3 | Terms False class consciousness – Marx’s term to refer to workers identifying with the interests of capitalists Meritocracy – a form of social stratification in which all positions are awarded on the basis of merit Divine right of kings – the idea that the king’s authority comes directly from God Colonialism – the process by which one nation takes over another nation, usually for the purpose of exploiting its labor and natural resources World system theory – economic and political connections that tie the world’s countries together Globalization of capitalism – capitalism (investing to make profits) becoming the globe’s
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course SOCY 1000 taught by Professor Backman during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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Exam 3 Terms - SOCY 1000 Exam 3 | Terms Chapter 9 Social...

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