HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES

HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES - HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES 8/29 1. 2....

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HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES 8/29 · 1.3 billion population · Civilization in 4,000 years old · 3 earth shattering inventions from China 1. Gunpowder 2. Compass 3. Paper and printing · Ten Reasons to Study China 1. One of the oldest countries in the world 2. Most populous country in the world 3. Oldest continuous civilization in the world 4. Source of significant scientific and technological achievements 5. Source of one of the world’s great humanistic traditions 6. Last major communist country 7. Potential economic partner or economic rival 8. Environmental disaster 9. Potential military ally or military adversary 10. Potential world leader 9/5
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PATTERNS OF CHINESE CIVILIZATION: GEOGRAPHY · China in the world and regional context – in East Asia · Gross Features A. China Proper – where the majority of the population lives, Great Wall in the boundary in the North and Inter Asia *government recognizes 55 minorities and the Han majority* B. Peripheral territory – where the minorities live, this is the “frontier” in the West C. Cultural Nationalism 1. Physical Isolation – confining factor a. Located in the peripheral territories: oceans, rainforests (south), Mountain Ranges and Tibetan Plateau(West), Himalayas 2. Self sufficiency – unifying factor · Typographical features A. North-South Division a. North China is flat with harsh weather b. South China is mountainous with mountains and a temperate climate (rice) B. Three River System 1. Yellow River (China’s Sorrow) 2. West River 3. These systems fertilized the North China Plains
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9/7 · Emphasize – cultural nationalism - Physical isolation (confining factor) – Chinese survive with minimal contact and/or conflict with other major powers throughout most of their history - Self sufficiency (unifying factor) – China can survive with minimal contact and/or conflict with other major powers throughout most of their history · Concepts - Tianxia – “All Under Heaven”, Chinese believe that they are the leaders of everything on earth - Middle Kingdom – “Very centralized among all things” – China as the center of the universe 9/10 PATTERNS OF RACE AND CHINESE CIVILIZATION · Race, Culture, Economy, Society, State · What makes a person Chinese? - Race – socially constructed - Cultures – cultural nationals – characteristics culturally of being Chinese 1. Language – 3 major dialects that are mutually unintelligible but all the same language style (Sino-Tibetan) a. Mandarin b. Shang-hainese
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c. Cantonese 2. Music 3. Traditions 4. Diet/food 5. Clothing (traditional) 9/12 · How do people become Chinese? - Language 1. Languages have a nation, dialects do not 2. Written language was/is a cultural carrier a. Chinese characters: + Pictographs (tree/forest) + Ideographs (peace) + lographs (sounds like what the characters mean) - Chinese Field – Chinese farmers were the most efficient in the world until 18th century 1. Irrigation 2. Fertilization 3. Transplanting 4. Terracing
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5. Multiple cropping
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course HIST 1608 taught by Professor Williamwei during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES - HISTORY OF CHINA NOTES 8/29 1. 2....

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