1 - intro and elements

1 - intro and elements - On Listening 3 "planes"...

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On Listening 3 “planes” of listening (Aaron Copland) Sensuous plane Just for pleasure, without thinking about it. .. “background listening” Expressive plane Attending to a meaning behind the sound, how it makes us feel Sheerly “musical” plane Paying attention to form and construction
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Properties of Sound Sound is produced by vibration Frequency Pitch Determinate vs. indeterminate, high vs low Volume “dynamics” Duration Tone color / timbre Different instruments, ensembles, performance style, genre overtones
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Musical Instruments Voice Soprano, mezzo-soprano, alto Tenor, baritone, bass General instrument classifications (Sachs- Hornbostel) Aerophones - wind Chordophones - string Idiophones - “itself” Membranophones – stretched skin Electrophones
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Musical Instruments Strings Violin, viola, cello, double bass Legato, staccato, pizzicato, vibrato, glissando, “stops” Harp, guitar, banjo Woodwinds Flute, oboe, clarinets, bassoon, saxophones Brass Trumpet, French horn, trombone, tuba Percussion Timpani, xylophone family, cymbals, gongs Keyboards piano, organ, harpsichord
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Musical ensembles Choral groups Some a cappella (“in the chapel”) Chamber ensembles Duos, string quartet, etc.
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1 - intro and elements - On Listening 3 "planes"...

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