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5 - intro to baroque

5 - intro to baroque - 19 The Baroque Spirit The Baroque...

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19. The Baroque Spirit The Baroque Era (1600–1750) Turbulent change in politics, science, arts Religious wars Exploration of the New World Rise of middle-class culture Music making centered in the home, church, and universities Collegium musicum
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20. Main Currents in Baroque Music Origins of the Monodic Style Monody : new style featuring solo song with instrumental accompaniment Florentine Camerata Vincenzo Galilei Giulio Caccini Jacopo Peri Monody focused on text and its emotional power Le nuove musiche Leading to the invention of opera
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New Harmonic Structures Figured bass : shorthand notation for harmony Chords created through improvisation Basso continuo : bass part, performed by 2 instruments Chordal instrument and bass instrument Establishment of the major-minor tonality system Equal temperament : equalizing the distance between adjacent tones J.S. Bach’s The Well-Tempered Clavier (2 vols.) each contains 24 preludes and fugues, one in every possible key
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