Operational_Warfare

Operational_Warfare - NWC 1001A T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S N A V A L W A R C O L L E G E V I R A IB U S M R I V I C T O R I A OPERATIONAL

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Unformatted text preview: NWC 1001A T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S N A V A L W A R C O L L E G E V I R A IB U S M R I V I C T O R I A OPERATIONAL WARFARE ADDENDUM Copyright © 2002 Milan Vego JMO Department Naval War College September 2002 PREFACE 1. This publication is the 2 nd and revised edition of the Addendum to the basic textbook Operational Warfare (September 2000). It follows the same organizational format as the original publication. 2. Three new chapters were added to this 2 nd edition: (1) Influence of the Physical Environment on Warfare in the Littorals; (2) Objectives of Naval Warfare; and (3) Operational Deception. New chapters will be written and added in the future. TABLE OF CONTENTS Part I: FUNDAMENTALS Policy, Strategy, and Operations..................................................................................... 1 Part III: THE THEATER Influence of Physical Environment on Warfare in the Littorals ..................................... 27 Part VII: OPERATIONAL PLANNING Objectives of Naval Warfare........................................................................................... 46 Operational Deception..................................................................................................... 64 Part VIII: OPERATIONAL LEADERSHIP Operational Lessons Learned.......................................................................................... 82 Appendix A: Guidance For Deriving Operational Lessons ............................................ 121 PART I: FUNDAMENTALS 1 P O L I C Y , S T R A T E G Y , A N D O P E R A T I O N S Policy and strategy are conducted uninterruptedly both in peacetime and in time of conflict or war. They are closely related and inextricably linked to each other. Operations, or in U.S. terms “operational art,” deal with the actual employment of one’s combat forces and, hence, are dominated by policy and strategy. Yet operations influence, often to a considerable degree, decisions made by the highest political and military leadership. The boundaries among policy, strategy, and operations are often difficult to separate clearly. This is especially true of policy and strategy. The mutual relationship among these three fields of study and practice is extremely close and highly dynamic. The effects of each on the others are by no means identical. Policy has a more critical and long-lasting effect on strategy than strategy has on operations. At the same time, errors or failures in the conduct of operations are bound to undermine, and might even lead to the failure of, strategy and policy. No policy or strategy can be successful for long without at least adequate performance in the conduct of operations and tactical successes in the field....
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This note was uploaded on 04/21/2008 for the course NS 300 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '06 term at Naval Academy.

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Operational_Warfare - NWC 1001A T H E U N I T E D S T A T E S N A V A L W A R C O L L E G E V I R A IB U S M R I V I C T O R I A OPERATIONAL

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