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Navy_C2 - NAVAL COMMAND AND CONTROL `I have been concerned...

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NAVAL COMMAND AND CONTROL ‘I have been concerned for many years over the increasing ten- dency--now grown almost to ‘standard practice’-offag oflcers and other group commanders to issue orders and instructions in which their subordinates are told ‘how’ a~ well as ‘what’ to do to such an extent and in such detail that the ‘Custom of the service’ has virtually become the antithesis of that essential element of command-‘initia- tive of the subordinate. “’ -Admiral Ernest J. King, U.S. Navy
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DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY OFFICE OF THE CHIEF OF NAVAL OPERATIONS WASHINGTON, DC 20350-2000 AND HEADQUARTERS UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS WASHINGTON, DC 20380-0001 19 May 1995 FOREWORD Command and control is the foundation upon which the planning and execution of naval operations are built-from peace- time forward presence, to operations other than war, to crisis re- sponse, to regional or global war. It is the tool the naval commander uses to cope with the uncertainty of combat and to direct his forces to accomplish the assigned mission. Naval command and control reflects the way we organize, train, and tight. Naval Doctrine Publication (NDP) 6, Naval Command and Control, is the sixth in a series of capstone documents that articulate naval doctrine and provide the basis for the development of tactics, techniques, and procedures. It explains how naval commanders exer- cise command and control over assigned forces and outlines broad guidance for the command and control of Navy and Marine Corps operations. Every naval professional must understand its contents. w --- . . BOORDA C.E. MUN General, U.S. Marine Corfi$;/ Admiral, U.S. Navy Chief of Naval Operations Commandant of the Marine Corps NDP 6
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INTRODUCTION Command and control is an essential element of the art and science of naval warfare. Command is the authoritative act of mak- ing decisions and ordering action; control is the act of monitoring and influencing this action. These acts-supported by a system of people, information, and technology-enable the naval commander to cope with the uncertainty of combat and to employ military force more efficiently. Modern technology has broadened the scope and increased the complexity of command and control, but its founda- tions remain constant: professional leadership, competence born of a high level of training, flexibility in organization and equipment, and cohesive doctrine. These elements establish a framework for effective command and control that must be mastered by all who exercise command in the naval Services. Command and control governs all areasof naval warfare. To be effective, it requires the commander to have a thorough under- standing of the nature and conduct of war, naval leadership, the command and control process, and the supporting information sys- tems. It requires an appreciation of the vulnerabilities and weaknesses in our own command and control process and systems-as well as insight into the nature of adversary command and control. The requirement to exercise effective command and control in today’s
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