9 - Classical II

9 - Classical II - 32. Eighteenth-Century Chamber Music...

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32. Eighteenth-Century Chamber Music Style Chamber music String quartets Trios, quintets, serenades, divertimentos
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The String quartet First violin, second violin, viola, cello String quartet structure: 1st movement: fast, sonata-allegro 2nd movement, slow A-B-A or theme and variations 3rd movement, moderate dance, minuet and trio 4th movement, fast sonata-allegro or rondo
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Haydn: String Quartet, Op. 76, No. 2 (Listening Guide) I. Sonata-allegro (“Quinten”) II. Theme and variations III. Canonic minuet (“Witches’ Minuet”), dissonances IV. Sonata-allegro form
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33. Mozart and Chamber Music Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791) Austrian composer, pianist, violinist Father, Leopold, was a musician Child prodigy, with his sister Nannerl
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Mozart Mozart and the Patronage system Archbishop of Salzburg
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Mozart Freelance musician at age 25 Early success, but struggled for financial security Constanze Weber Significant contributions to all musical genres Requiem Mass, left unfinished Died at 35 Rheumatic fever, heart disease, trichinosis Mythology
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Mozart’s Music Ludwig Köchel Melodies Social music: divertimentos and serenades Eine kleine Nachtmusik (1787) Chamber music Piano music Symphonies
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Operas Opera buffa – Lorenzo da Ponte - librettist The Marriage of Figaro Don Giovanni Opera seria Idomeneo Singspiel The Magic Flute
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Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik , K. 525 (Listening Guide) “A Little Night Music” Serenade for strings (doubled string quartet with a double bass) Meant for outdoor public performance Four movements (originally five)
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Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusik , K. 525 I: Allegro, in G major Sonata-allegro form Quadruple time Opens with ascending melody, “rocket theme” Second theme is contrasting, more graceful
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Mozart: Eine kleine Nachtmusic , K. 525 (Listening Guide) II: Romanza, Andante (walking pace), in C major Rondo-like structure III: Allegretto, in G major Minuet and trio form IV: Allegro in G major Sonata-rondo form (hybrid form)
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34. The Nature of the Symphony Historical Background Italian opera overture Several standard techniques including those from Mannheim rocket themes steamroller effects
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The Classical Orchestra 30–40 players
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