Anthro 41A midterm study guide - The Orient Express The...

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The Orient Express- The belief that the only places that were interesting in history were the civilizations Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, Europe, and finally America. The idea that civilization's progression only heads westward and everything happening in the east is negligible. Explains the origins of civilization in a way that favors the west. Eurocentric view of the growth of a civilization. Started in Istanbul and ended up in England. As the civilization continued westward, it became more advanced. War was a big part of this expansion. The European Miracle Myth- The claim that certain innovations and great minds all came from Europe and that Europe was responsible for leading the world out of the Medieval Period. In the European perspective, they viewed capitalism as a western creation. However it was not really a European creation (combination of many things). Involves an economic practice often referred to as neo- liberalism or laissez-faire (1700s). Basically said that trade was governed and regulated by the government. It also involved a political aspect. Control of that state is in the hands of the Bourgeoisie. American version of the European miracle was developed by a Harvard sociologist named Talcott Parsons. He called it the American exceptionalism. He claims that European ideals developed during the protestant reformation and the enlightenment were brought by Anglo-saxons to the Americas where they could develop unimpeded. Mesopotamia/Babylon (Persia-Greece-Rome-not only civilizations)- Other civilizations had existed near the time of this civilization such as Persia, Greece, and Rome. Mesopotamia was also known as the cradle of civilization. Was original birthplace then replaced with Persian/Babylonians and overthrown by Greeks, which were then replaced by the Romans and when the fall of Rome happened Europe started the Renaissance. Mesopotamia->Persia->Greece->Rome->Renaissance->Colonialism Persia was known for being civilized. Like their king, the people would wear nice clothing. King allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem to rebuild temples. Persians were pretty tolerant when it came to religion. The defeated the Babylonians. Official region of the state of Zoroastrianism. Greece in the 4th century was ruled by Alexander the Great. Began to spread farther out into Europe. Rome emerged in the outer part of the eastern hemisphere. Religion would play a large role in the empire. Domestication of barley, rice, wheat, cattle, chicken, where and when?- The domestication of plants and animals started in Middle East. Realization that there were many innovative people all around the world. Rice (9000BC in China/Vietnam); barley and wheat (9000BC in Syria/Mesopotamia); cattle (8000BC in India, Mid-East, and Africa); chickens (6000 BC in India and SE Asia). They could not make a claim that Europe was the main and only contributor. Europe was actually not doing much.

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