GPHIL - Meditations III and IV

GPHIL - Meditations III and IV - Matt Underwood Philosophy...

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Matt Underwood Philosophy 101 Dr. Chip Bolyard February 29, 2008 “Meditations on First Philosophy (Pts. III and IV)” Rene Descartes In Descartes previous meditations, he questions all that he knows about the world and universe, primarily based on the fact that nothing is absolutely certain: doubt can be cast on just about everything that is “certain”. In his third meditation, Descartes considers the existence of God. He states that there are three types of ideas: innate ideas that have always been within us, fictitious ideas, and adventitious ideas that come from our experiences in the world. By his reasoning, God has to be an innate idea because he is an infinitely perfect being. Man is not perfect, and therefore could not come up with such an idea. Hence, since the idea is innate, something had to have instilled this idea of a perfect being into us. Therefore, God exists because nothing else could have given us the idea of a perfect being. Descartes’ second argument for God’s existence is the fact that he, Descartes, exists.
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