AmericanStudies_Notes - When Worlds Collide A look at...

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When Worlds CollideA look at changing relations between the natives, colonists, and environment.Early ContactNatives depicted as “savages” - no regard for complex culturesWood carving depicts horrific/unnatural stereotypes (i.e. burning of man,cannibalism, carrying weapons, etc.)1580s: England trying to plant colonies in Newfoundland and Roanoke. Both failed.Tobacco is introduced to England, making a profitable boom in the next 30 years.Tobacco cultivation requires a great deal of hand labor and exhausts thesoil quickly. The Virginia Company starts “headright grants” - awards oflarge plantations to wealthy colonists. This leads to massive immigration(agriculture = wealth).1607: London investors are issued a royal charter from King James I. Built firstpermanent settlement in North America. Looked for valuable resources to make profit.Chesapeake is home to approx. 14,000 Algonquian people (self-governing communities).The colonists hear the Indians are uncivil, lead by their lustful desires and “animal-like”impulses.In reality, the Natives were bound by a sophisticated political system known asthe Powhatan Confederacy.The Jamestown colonists had come to find gold and passage to the Indies - failed bydrinking and gaming. They relied on the Powhatan community to carry them through thehard times.English expand and demand for food, this pushes the Powhatan community toward theedge. In the winter of 1609-10, starvation sets in and kills approx. 340 colonists,The Virginia Company wages war with the natives. Armed colonists attack villages, killingmany. They eventually capture Powhatan’s daughter, Pocahontis (15 yrs.).By 1670, about six decades later, the Natives have lost approx. 12,000 of their own!War and disease have left them weak and few.The English expand to 40,000 by this time.
Maryland & the “Proprietary Colony”:King Charles I granted 10 million acres in northern Cheasepeake to the Calvert family.This land was named Maryland and was settled in by many Catholics.Like Viriginia, Maryland relied on tobacco. Pressures for labor and expansion led theCalverts to adopt the system of “headright grants” to independent planters.The New England ColoniesTobacco is not easily grown here, as well as other cash crops. This area was far lessfavored for investment and settlement.Becomes a haven for Protestants from England.Puritans were followers of John Calvin wished to purify and reform the Englishchurch. They were heavily persecuted by King James I but sought to revivecommunities with their core Christian beliefs.The coastal regions and inland areas around Connecticut were dominated by French andDutch traders/merchants.From 1616-1618, the Natives were ravaged by widespread disease. This epedemic wipedout many because they had no resistance to the illnesses [brought over].

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