AG401 Topic Paper 2 - Running head ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES ElephantTragedies KojiYoshimura AG401 ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES 2 Utilitarianism ,wouldbeutilitari

AG401 Topic Paper 2 - Running head ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES...

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Running head: ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES Elephant Tragedies Koji Yoshimura AG401 5/22/16
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ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES 2 Utilitarianism The most justifiable ethical theory that the poachers and hunters the justification for them to hunt for elephant tusks for their ivory goodness, would be utilitarianism. Utilitarianism  meaning the greater for the greatest amount, with a small sacrifice. The small sacrifice would be  the elephants in this case. The main target market for these poachers in African countries would  be countries like China. A majority of China’s middle class and upper population have insane  interests of ivory purchases.  “ The art of ivory carving has been flourishing in China for over  2,000 years and has become a perverted symbol of Buddhism as many of the elephant tusks are  turned into Buddhist icons in factories set up by the Chinese government.” (Naturestage, 2013) The demand in China is “through the roof”. About twenty-six million elephants were present in  Africa in the 1800s. According to, about 1.3 million elephants remain in the late  1970s and about 600,000 was left standing in the late 1980s. Hunters and poachers are justified  on their actions based on the sole reason that they are doing it for money. Legal or not, they do  not care. The black market is something that is an everyday normal thing to them. War outbreaks are common in Africa. Many fight for things they believe is necessary and Ivory is one of them.  Ivory wars are more towards the hunters, poachers, and the combatants. The combatants are  going to be mostly former poachers and hunters and also members of the community. Since the  group that the combatants are in are giving these former poachers and hunters, they can get an  income source. So combatants are willing going to fight and protect the elephants with wages  they are given in return for doing this task. This also is better for the combatants because they  can take care of their families and themselves with a steady wage of income, which in turn can  benefit the community. 
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ELEPHANT TRAGEDIES 3 Ethical Egoism The Chinese culture view the ivory tusks as an art. Ivory carving was started and rapidly grown  to be a custom during the Song Dynasty. In the video, Aidan Hartley (investigating reporter) and  J.J Kelley (Film Recorder) disguised themselves as normal reporters of the art of ivory, but in  fact were investigating the illegal businesses of ivory selling. One of the sellers presented  Hartley the ancient artifact, known as the “Superlative Workmanship” that consists of a multi-
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  • Spring '15
  • nicole
  • ivory, elephant tragedies

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