CH HIST 1300 Notes 12 doc - 4/22 Reconstruction Wade-David...

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4/22 Reconstruction Wade-David Bill Civil Rights Act of 1866 Black Codes Fourteenth Amendment Fifteenth Amendment Ku Klux Klan I. Introduction A. The Civil War was the deadliest war in US history B. The Northerners were wondering what the meaning of winning was when it was so deadly. C. Everyone knew they needed to rebuild the union, but who would build it? How far would it go? D. The referred to this era as reconstruction. E. Many Americans, especially freed slaves agreed the job was finished. II. Lincoln s Reconstruction A. Thought about reconstruction as early as 1863. 1. He wanted to create unity. 2. Didn t want to punish the South. 3. He issues a proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction which offers a pardon to confederates who take an oath pledging their loyalty to the union and agrees to obey by union laws, and will be pardoned by the President. 4. People excluded from this was high ranking officials in the confederacy, who could be pardoned in a separate way. 5. Another part was admission into the union after 10% of people who had voted in 1860 pledged their loyalty to the union. B. Radical Republicans ’  Wade Davis Bill 1. Each seceding state had to write its constitution at a convention. 2. It would have to abolish slavery and take voting rights away from confederate civil and military leaders. 3. 50% loyalty act. 4. They would not be guaranteed the right to vote. 5. The North had conquered the South, so congress passes the Wade-Davis Bill, al- though Lincoln vetoed it. III. Presidential Reconstruction under Andrew Jackson A. Under Andrew JOHNSON 1. Was a Democrat and a a former slave holder, but had remained loyal to the Union. 2. His goal with reconstruction is to punish the planter elite. 3. He refers to his plan as restoration which includes: a) Pardoning all confederates who pledge their loyalty to the union and practice emancipation. b) They would have all their property (except slaves) returned.
c) Fourteen classes of men who were excluded from this pardon - confederate offi- cials or wealthy landowners. d) Those who were excluded can apply for an individual pardon. e) Many people did apply, and Johnson pardoned about 90% of those that applied.

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