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Unformatted text preview: Social Institutions I. What is it? The Institution-A relatively permanent cluster of interconnected groups, statuses, roles, organizations, as well as laws and policies directed toward meeting some fundamental social need II. Five basic institutions in all societies a. family b. education c. economy d. political system, means for selecting leaders and deciding on laws/norms e. religious order III. Industrialized/Post industrial societies a. healthcare b. military I. Economy a. Changes in economy has tremendous impact on other institutions ex. changes in economy and technology make teaching in education obsolete\ Divorce rate goes up when economy goes down b. many interconnected groups (1st Nat'l Bamd, DOW, Nasdeq, Dell, Fed Reserve Bank, Mom & Pop Pharmacy ) with members that have statuses and roles c. It is an institution directed toward producing and distributing important goods and services History • 1920s stock market crash • women predominantly working in d. post WWII economy manufacturing economy characteristics • characterized by alienation • based on mass production, mass market • monotonous * single worker with high school diploma or less could support family in middle class lifestyle • lower class–> middle class middle class ^^^ • African Americans recruited to factories migrating to midwest into middle class jobs • If you did a good job, you could job you could count on a job for as long as you wanted it with fairly steady promotions, relatively steady raises, secure retirement through a pension plan • Employee/Employer loyalty • We start loosing manufacturing jobs–Late 60s early 70s • Cause: Automation, cost of production * Roughly 90% > jobs since 70s service sector jobs • Very high paying or low paying (about 1/3), few in the middle, very high education lvl required, others (about 2/3) little education little money • Commercialize war-time skills • Based on Freudian idea of mass-production...
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- Fall '08
- Stock Market Crash, service sector jobs, economy manufacturing economy, education c. economy