{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

PSY2.4 - (Types • Declarative Memory With conscious...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Memory I. Stage Model of Memory A. Sensory Memory B. Short-Term Memory (30 seconds) capacity 7-9 pieces of information • Rehearsal - repeating over and over least effective method of learning • Serial-Position Effect - Our tendency to recall the first and the last on a list or in a situation The Primacy Effect/The Recency Effect • Interference - New information displaces information already in the short term memory • Chunking - When larger pieces of information are reduced to smaller chunks to fit them into the STM. Increases capacity of STM. (Memory Processes) Encoding - The process of changing information to place it into the LTM. a. Maintenance Rehearsal - Repeating information until it becomes a LTM. b. Encoding meaning - Semantic encoding c. Encoding with imagery - taking unfamiliar and associating with images you know or creating image for new information Peg Word System associating peg word with item C. Long-term Memory (lifetime duration) (capacity is limitless)
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: (Types) • Declarative Memory - With conscious awareness: factual information Semantic - Knowledge Episodic - Episodic Events • Non-declarative Memory - Procedures Episodic - Ex. Riding Bike, Driving, Motor Skills (The brain) Structures - Cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala Consolidation - The physiological process of creating a LTM (that happens at the synapsis.) (Memory Processes) Retrieval a. Retrieval cue b. Tip-of-the Tongue c. Free recall d. Recognition recall Explicit Memory Implicit Memory Flashbulb Memory Schemas Eyewitness Recall Forgetting - Reasons for March 11 1. Define negative reinforcement and give an example of how you have been negatively reinforced for behavior recently. 2. There are 3 stages of memory according to stagemodel. Define them. What are the duration and types of sensory memory? What about STM? 30 seconds capacity 7-9 pieces. Ltm? lifetime limitless BRING TO CLASS NEXT TIME....
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}