PSY2.4 - (Types) Declarative Memory - With conscious...

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Memory I. Stage Model of Memory A. Sensory Memory B. Short-Term Memory (30 seconds) capacity 7-9 pieces of information • Rehearsal - repeating over and over least effective method of learning • Serial-Position Effect - Our tendency to recall the first and the last on a list or in a situation The Primacy Effect/The Recency Effect • Interference - New information displaces information already in the short term memory • Chunking - When larger pieces of information are reduced to smaller chunks to fit them into the STM. Increases capacity of STM. (Memory Processes) Encoding - The process of changing information to place it into the LTM. a. Maintenance Rehearsal - Repeating information until it becomes a LTM. b. Encoding meaning - Semantic encoding c. Encoding with imagery - taking unfamiliar and associating with images you know or creating image for new information Peg Word System associating peg word with item C. Long-term Memory (lifetime duration) (capacity is limitless)
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Unformatted text preview: (Types) Declarative Memory - With conscious awareness: factual information Semantic - Knowledge Episodic - Episodic Events Non-declarative Memory - Procedures Episodic - Ex. Riding Bike, Driving, Motor Skills (The brain) Structures - Cerebral cortex, hippocampus, amygdala Consolidation - The physiological process of creating a LTM (that happens at the synapsis.) (Memory Processes) Retrieval a. Retrieval cue b. Tip-of-the Tongue c. Free recall d. Recognition recall Explicit Memory Implicit Memory Flashbulb Memory Schemas Eyewitness Recall Forgetting - Reasons for March 11 1. Define negative reinforcement and give an example of how you have been negatively reinforced for behavior recently. 2. There are 3 stages of memory according to stagemodel. Define them. What are the duration and types of sensory memory? What about STM? 30 seconds capacity 7-9 pieces. Ltm? lifetime limitless BRING TO CLASS NEXT TIME....
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This note was uploaded on 04/20/2008 for the course PSY 2301 taught by Professor Herndon during the Spring '08 term at Lee CC.

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PSY2.4 - (Types) Declarative Memory - With conscious...

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