PSY3.27 - Motivation Instinct theories - first theories...

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Motivation Instinct theories - first theories developed by psychologists to explain motivation People are motivated to act due to their inborn tendencies (instincts) For any given behavior, you engage in that behavior because you have an instinct for that behavior Drive theories/Drive reduction theories Assert that when there is tension within us, we are driven to reduce the tension Arousal theories - we are driven to maintain an optimal level of arousal (different for every individual) Homeostasis - Internal balance Humanistic psychologists - Everyone has desire to grow psychologically Abraham Maslow - Hierarchy of Needs Basic needs->Psychological needs Basic needs: Food, water shelter, sex Safety needs Self-Esteem needs: psychological needs (being successful, jobs, earning diplomas, promotions, ect.) Achievement motivation: need to compete Self-Actualization: we're born with an actualizing tendency, actualizing potentials Understanding and accepting of themselves, not judgemental or
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PSY3.27 - Motivation Instinct theories - first theories...

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