Religion 1002 Final Review - Religion 1002 Hinduism Exam Spring 2016 Dr Spina What Consitutes the Tree of Hinduism 1 Indus Valley Civilization 2 Aryan

Religion 1002 Final Review - Religion 1002 Hinduism Exam...

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Religion 1002 Hinduism Exam Spring 2016 Dr. Spina
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What Consitutes the “Tree of Hinduism”? 1. Indus Valley Civilization 2. Aryan Culture *Both are ancient sources of Indian religion.
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Indus Valley Civilization 2500-1500 BCE origins of Hinduism; peak at 1900 BCE; decline 1800 BCE The Indus region consisted of Mesopotamia, Egypt, China, and South Asia (heavily India). Very efficient agriculturalists 2 Towns separated by 300 miles Harappa Mohenjo Daro Both were very sophisticated: Sophisticated water technologies Grid-pattern throughfares Multi-room houses Bathing rooms were connected to a street drain 700 wells “Mature Phase” Parts of the city were rebuilt many times Links to Religious Practices Great Bath (Mohenjo Daro); Bronze dancing girls (Mohenjo Daro); Mother goddess figurines that were used for offerings of fire/incense
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HARAPPAN CULTURE (BOTH SOCIETIES) Had an indecipherable written language, organized right-to-lef Good builders Significance of the Great Bath it was a huge pool that was likely used for rituals Granary/Great Hall in Harappa was initially thought to have been a grainary; now scholars think it was a meeting place because of its architecture. This was an agriculturally based economy. Complex city planning; stratified society with job specialization. No palaces have been found; no funerary structures; no images of gods, kings, or priests have been found. No weapons have been found likely means that they were NOT violently taken over by another society. Seals used for trade; made of soapstone; typically had animals or yogis on them Lots of jewelry has been found that somewhat resembles modern-day [eastern] jewelry In the graves that have been found, there have been objects (esp. unpainted pottery) buried with the individuals likely indicates an aferlife belief
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Aryan Culture Aryan Migration Thesis/Theory the idea that Indo- Europeans language was introduced to South Asia and replaced the Harappan culture. Sanskrit (language of the Vedas) Reasons for linguistic and cultural change Cultural Diffusion Hypothesis the idea that the Brahui language was introduced to South Asia Re-examines the Aryan Migration Thesis Deciphering the Indus Script **Became the dominant culture and instilled their language & religion into the region
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Aryan Common Theory Theory that the Aryans came from Central Asia via Afghanistan circa 1500 BCE Some groups went to Iran; some went to western Europe
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More on the Aryans Worshiped primarily thru Yajña “sacrifice, devotion, worship, and offering.” Done in front of a fire Yajnas were performed for the cosmic good and for social wellbeing.
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